Faces can provide clues about an individual’s condition through subtle differences in facial features (facial phenotypes).

For example, three characteristic craniofacial abnormalities are often visible in individuals with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome;

  • A smooth philtrum: The divot or groove between the nose and upper lip flattens with increased prenatal alcohol


  • Thin vermilion: The upper lip thins with increased prenatal alcohol exposure.
  • Small palpebral fissures: Eye width decreases with increased prenatal alcohol exposure.

The diagnosis of patients with syndromes/rare diseases using facial phenotyping requires a high level of expertise and must begin with attaining a 3D image of the face.


For details on how to capture 3D facial images click here.